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Multimodal GPT: The Pathway to Emergent AI Behavior Through Text, Audio, and Video

Updated: Jul 31, 2023


The realm of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has observed significant strides with the introduction of Generative Pretrained Transformers (GPTs). These models have proven their mettle by performing exceptionally in diverse fields, such as language translation, content generation, and text completion tasks. OpenAI's GPT-3, launched in June 2020, with its 175 billion parameters, showcased remarkable capacity in generating human-like text [1]. The AI research field is buzzing with the advent of a more versatile concept – Multimodal GPTs.

Multimodal GPTs are advanced transformer models trained not just on text but also on other data types like audio and video. They possess the potential to understand context from different modalities, resulting in a more holistic and nuanced understanding. It's crucial to understand how multimodal GPTs could lead to emergent behaviors in AI.

Multimodal GPTs: Text, Audio, and Video

Multimodal GPTs aim to provide AI with a more comprehensive understanding of real-world data by integrating various data modalities - textual, audio, and visual. The concept is inspired by the fact that humans don't just understand the world through text; we assimilate information from audio and visual stimuli too [2].

Incorporating various data modalities helps an AI system understand the context more effectively. For example, an AI system may interpret spoken language more accurately by examining the speaker's facial expressions and tone of voice, along with the spoken words. Such multimodal systems can have wide-ranging applications, including real-time translation services, more human-like virtual assistants, and advanced content moderation systems. Emergent Behavior in AI

Emergent behavior refers to complex patterns resulting from simple interactions. In the context of AI, this can mean the development of unexpected, sophisticated behavior that wasn't explicitly programmed. This behavior is seen as a result of the system's learning and adaptation to its environment and input data [3].

The interplay of text, audio, and video modalities in Multimodal GPTs offers an environment conducive for the emergence of new, unforeseen AI behavior. This emergence can be ascribed to the AI system's complex interaction with a diverse set of data modalities.

The Emergence Through Multimodal GPTs

While single modality GPTs (like GPT-3 with text) can generate impressive results, they miss out on the nuanced understanding that comes from analyzing multiple forms of data. Multimodal GPTs, on the other hand, work on data fusion – a concept of combining data from multiple sources to increase the system's decision accuracy [4].

For example, a multimodal AI could analyze a video clip of a political speech and understand the speaker's verbal content, vocal emphasis, and non-verbal cues like facial expressions and hand gestures. This richer understanding can lead to more accurate interpretations and predictions about the speaker's intentions and emotions.

The emergent behavior may manifest as a heightened understanding of sarcasm or emotional context, which have traditionally been challenging for AI systems to comprehend accurately. With time and data, these models could demonstrate other emergent behaviors that we have yet to imagine, due to the rich and complex interplay of different modalities. Moreover, emergent behaviors, while exciting, could also lead to unpredictable or undesired outcomes. Therefore, it's crucial to develop robust monitoring mechanisms to track and control such emergent behaviors.

Future Directions

The concept of Multimodal GPTs opens up new horizons for AI research. Key areas of future research could include improving data fusion techniques, understanding and controlling emergent behaviors, and exploring ways to ensure the privacy and ethical use of these advanced AI models.

Also, to build these models, significant computational resources and diverse, large-scale datasets are required. The curation and management of such data, while maintaining user privacy and data ethics, is a challenge that needs to be addressed.


Multimodal GPTs, while still in their early stages, promise a paradigm shift in the AI field. As we continue to harness the power of combining text, audio, and video modalities, we must remember to tread cautiously. The simultaneous development of ethical and regulatory frameworks is crucial to prevent misuse and undesired consequences. Nevertheless, if managed responsibly, multimodal GPTs could lead to an exciting new era of advanced, emergent behaviors in AI, with the potential to revolutionize numerous sectors.


[1] Brown, T. B., et al. (2020). Language Models are Few-Shot Learners. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems. [2] Baltrušaitis, T., Ahuja, C., & Morency, L. P. (2019). Multimodal Machine Learning: A Survey and Taxonomy. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. [3] Crutchfield, J. P. (1994). The Calculi of Emergence: Computation, Dynamics, and Induction. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. [4] Lahat, D., Adali, T., & Jutten, C. (2015). Multimodal Data Fusion: An Overview of Methods, Challenges, and Prospects. Proceedings of the IEEE.

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